Every child has a different growth and development rate. Hence, there are various aspects attributed to be normal in a child’s language development.
General strategies to encourage language development:
Use meaningful language and activities:
Follow your child’s activities as much as you can; and advice and comment about the interests or pursuits they are indulging in at the time. A language is mastered best when it is intriguing and relevant.
Build Healthy Relationship with a learner—Be an Empathic Language Partner
First gain your child’s attention before speaking by addressing them by their name, along with an eye contact. You have to try to match their level when it comes to communicating or playing with them. A person usually wants to communicate with another person for whom he or she feels safe and really cares about. An infant or toddler will want to communicate with you when she feels safe and cared for in loving ways. An Infant and toddler will communicate when they find it pleasant to communicate, as well as makes them feel warm and loved. They attempt to communicate when they think their communication will get a response.
Be slow, Use specific vocabulary, and Keep it short and simple:
Give your child time and opportunity to respond – up to 4 seconds. Children are much slower to process information than adults so give them a little extra time.
You need to use complex language at a proper time and at the appropriate level of understanding. If your child is only speaks single words, then extend their spoken sentence a little but keep it simple. For example, “yes dear it’s a red car.”
Make a point to be clear and precise, at the same time use lots of expression and different tones in your voice as this keeps them engaged and also encourages them to keep talking.
A child is more likely to respond and perform appropriately if you clearly tell them, for example: “keep your bottle on the bench”, rather than “keep it over there.”
Positive feedback reinforcement:
You should always reward your child’s attempts to speak by responding to their intended meaning even if the vocabulary or form of communication is not correct.
Repetition is the key:
Every child needs to hear the same words and language many times, in different ways, before they will remember it or will be able to use it in proper context themselves.